Historical Timeline

2013-2010

2013 - Effective Sept. 3, 2013, the Document Imaging and Personalized Imaging businesses were divested from the Eastman Kodak Company  and now represent divisions of Kodak Alaris Inc. The Eastman Kodak Company continues delivering imaging innovations for commercial printing businesses.

  • The Document Imaging and Personalized Imaging businesses continue to operate under the Kodak brand, carrying on the proud tradition that has existed since 1880. The Personalized Imaging businesses will continue to provide Retail Systems Solutions (including kiosks and in-store processing solutions), Event Imaging Solutions (including theme park imaging), and Paper & Output Systems (traditional photographic paper and still camera film products).

2011 - New offerings were launched to meet the growing demand for high-quality photo books and other photo products. KODAK PROFESSIONAL ENDURA EP-D and EP-L Papers provide the look and feel of photo paper when used in electrophotographic digital presses

  • KODAK Picture Kiosks were enhanced to allow users to access – and easily make prints or photo products from – the increasing number of images stored on social sites like FACEBOOK.

2010 - KODAK Picture Saver Scanning Systems were introduced to enable retailers and niche marketers to help consumers digitize photo prints, keepsake documents and other "printed memories

  • Kodak continued to innovate in film, introducing KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA 400 Film – which features the finest grain structure available in a 400 speed color negative film – and making KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100 Film available in large formats.

2009-2000

2009 - Kodak's single-use camera recycling program.

  • KODACHROME Color Film was retired, concluding its 74-year run as a photography icon.

2008 - Kodak launched the APEX system, a dry lab solution for retailers. APEX can fulfill standard print orders and be expanded to also produce photo books, cards, and other custom photo items.

  • KODAK PROFESSIONAL EKTAR 100, offering the finest grain of any color negative film, is launched.

2006 - Enhanced KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA color negative films were introduced for professional photographers. The films offer finer grain, and provide spectacular skin tones and superb color in mixed lighting conditions.

2005 - Strengthening its leading position in retail printing, Kodak introduced the KODAK Picture Kiosk G4, offering faster uploading and printing of images.

2002 - KODAK PERFECT TOUCH Processing was introduced, which marked the expansion of the company's digital photo processing offering to consumers. By individually scanning and digitally processing each picture, KODAK PERFECT TOUCH Processing removes dark shadows, reveals richer detail, improves sharpness and contrast, and reveals more vibrant color in pictures.

  • The company introduced the KODAK 8500 Digital Photo Printer, a photo-quality, thermal desktop printer that offers superior productivity vs. inkjet at a competitive price.

2001 - Kodak entered into an alliance with Maytag Corporation, Maytag's Dixie-Narco vending machine division and e-Vend.net that would use vending machines and the Internet to expand the number of locations where consumers could buy film and one-time-use cameras.

  • Kodak announced a new worldwide advertising campaign, "Share Moments. Share Life."

1999-1990

1999 - The company announced DURALIFE Paper, a revolutionary new photographic paper for snapshots. It set benchmarks in virtually every performance category, including tear-resistance, durability, brightness and whiteness, image sharpness, and resistance to curling.

1998 - KODAK PROFESSIONAL PORTRA Color Negative Films and KODAK PROFESSIONAL SUPRA III Color Paper were introduced.

1996 - The Advanced Photo System format was introduced. Features included drop-in film cartridge loading, mid-roll change enabling the film to be removed before being completely exposed, and three different picture formats (Classic, Group, and Panoramic). Kodak unveiled the ADVANTIX brand, for its related products.

  • In June, the company unveiled the first in a series of pocket-sized digital cameras for the rapidly growing consumer digital market.
  • Kodak television commercials featured the theme, "Take Pictures. Further.," a campaign designed to broaden the appeal of the Kodak brand.

1997 - The company introduced four new GOLD Films (400, 200, and 100 speeds and Max 800 speed) that employed COLORSHARP Technology.

  • By February, the company had recycled more than 100 million one-time-use cameras since the program began in 1990.
  • The KODAK Picture Network was announced, enabling people to view their photos, order reprints, and share their pictures with friends and family around the world via the Internet.

1995 - Kodak introduced its Internet website, kodak.com, providing an opportunity for Internet users all over the world to learn more about Kodak's people, products, services, and history.

1992 - The KODAK FUN SAVER Telephoto 35 camera was added to the popular line of one-time use cameras.

  • The company announced a joint R&D project with Canon, Fuji, Minolta and Nikon to develop an Advanced Photographic System.
  • KODACOLOR Film celebrated its 50th anniversary.

1993 - Kodak introduced 20 new photographic products, including the sleek, compact CAMEO 35 mm Camera Line; new EKTACHROME LUMIERE Films; an underwater version of EKTACHROME Film; and the KODAK FUN SAVER Portrait 35 One-Time Use Camera.

1994 - Kodak announced 30 new products, including KODAK ROYAL GOLD Film and new digital imaging products and services. Digital products included the KODAK Copyprint Station, for making new prints from old prints; the KODAK Digital Enhancement Station 100, enabling retailers to help consumers eliminate defects such as "red-eye;" and the KODAK Creation Station, an easy-to-use walk-up center for making digital prints from negatives, slides, prints and Photo CD images.

1991 - Construction of a new state-of-the-art sensitizing plant that began in 1986 in Rochester, N.Y. for coating color films for the professional and motion picture markets was completed.

1990 - Kodak announced the development of its Photo CD system for playing images on television screens, and proposed a worldwide standard for defining color in the digital environment of computers and computer peripherals.

  • The KODAK PREMIER Image Enhancement System helped commercial and industrial photography labs achieve new levels of quality and productivity by combining silver-halide and electronic technologies to scan photographs, digitize the information, and then output to photographic film or paper.
  • Kodak began a recycling program for one-time use cameras and also began using recycled paperboard for film boxes.

1989 -1980

1989 - The KODAK XL 7700 Digital Continuous Tone Printer, which produced large format thermal color prints, was introduced.

  • The one-time-use KODAK STRETCH 35 Camera produced 3 1/2 x 10 - inch prints for panoramic scenes.
  • The one-time-use KODAK WEEKEND 35 Camera was an all-weather camera capable of taking pictures underwater down to a depth of 8 feet. One-time-use KODAK FUN SAVER Panoramic 35 Camera.

1988 - Qualex, Inc. was established as a joint venture between Kodak and Fuqua Industries, Inc., merging the operations of about 90 photographic processing labs owned by the two parties.

  • The first line of color negative films created especially for photojournalists was introduced with KODAK EKTAPRESS GOLD Films.
  • Black-and-white film technology progressed with KODAK T-MAX P3200 Film.
  • The KODAK CREATE-A-PRINT 35 mm Enlargement Center enabled consumers to crop and make their own enlargements in a few minutes.

1987 - Construction began on a new state-of-the-art sensitizing plant in Rochester, N.Y. for coating color films for professional use.

  • Kodak announced its first one-time-use camera - the KODAK FLING Camera - which contained a 110 KODACOLOR Film Cartridge.

1986 - The company introduced two new KODACOLOR VR-G 35 Films and re-entered the 35 mm camera market with two new KODAK VR 35 Cameras.

1985 - The company introduced two new image management systems - the KODAK EKTAPRINT Electronic Publishing System and the KODAK Information Management System.

  • Minilab systems for photofinishers were introduced, offering consumers exceptionally fast photo print service.

1983 - Tennessee Eastman began operation of the only commercial plant in the U.S. for making industrial chemicals from coal.

1982 - Kodak launched "disc photography" with a line of compact, "decision-free" cameras built around a rotating disc of film.

  • KODACOLOR VR 100 Film was introduced, utilizing a new T-GRAIN Emulsion Technology, which represented a major break-through in silver-halide emulsions.
  • The Kodak pavilion opened in Walt Disney World's new EPCOT Center near Orlando, Florida.

1981 - Company sales surpassed the $10 billion mark.

  • The introduction of KODAK EKTAFLEX PCT Color Printmaking Products made it easy for home darkroom enthusiasts to make color enlargements.

1980 - Kodak celebrated its 100th anniversary.

1979 - 1960

1977 - Arkansas Eastman Company, the newest member of the Eastman Chemicals Division, began commercial production of organic chemicals.

1976 - New KODAK Instant Cameras, and a print film for self-developing color prints, were announced.

1975 - Kodak invented the world's first digital camera. The prototype was the size of a toaster and captured black-and-white images at a resolution of 10,000 pixels (.01 megapixels).

1972 - Kodak reduced the popular INSTAMATIC Camera to pocket size with the introduction of five different KODAK Pocket INSTAMATIC Cameras, using a new KODAK 110 Film Cartridge. The line was so popular that more than 25 million cameras were produced in slightly under three years.

1970 - More than 50 million KODAK INSTAMATIC Cameras were produced from 1963 to 1970.

1964 - The Kodak Pavilion at the New York World's Fair was one of the ten largest buildings at the international exposition. The "Tower of Photography" featured the largest outdoor color prints ever exhibited.

1963 - The line of KODAK INSTAMATIC Cameras was introduced, featuring easy-to-use cartridge-loading film, which eventually brought amateur photography to new heights of popularity. More than 50 million INSTAMATIC Cameras were produced by 1970.

1961 - KODACHROME II Film was introduced, providing a significant improvement over the long-established KODACHROME Film.

1960 - KODAK ESTAR Film Base (a polyester film base) was introduced to give improved dimensional stability to KODALITH Graphic Arts Film.

1959 - 1930

1959 - KODAK High Speed EKTACHROME Film became the fastest color film on the market.

  • Fully automatic exposure control was introduced on two Kodak still cameras and four 8 mm movie cameras.

1957 - The KODAK BROWNIE STARMATIC Cameras were introduced. These cameras eventually included seven models, and more than 10 million were sold over the next five years.

1956 - KODAK VERICHROME Pan Film was introduced, a black-and-white film that replaced the popular KODAK VERICHROME Film launched in 1931.

1955 - Kodak began selling color films without the cost of processing included, as the result of a consent decree signed in 1954. The long-term result was the creation of a new market for Kodak, providing products and services to independent photofinishers.

1954 - KODAK TRI-X Film, a high-speed black-and-white film, was introduced.

1950 - The company unveiled the first in its long-running series of KODAK COLORAMA Display transparencies - 18 feet high and 60 feet wide - overlooking the main terminal floor of Grand Central Station in New York City. An estimated 650,000 commuters and tourists viewed this popular attraction every business day, and many of the dramatic photographs displayed over the years were the subject of widespread newspaper and magazine coverage. The exhibit was permanently dismantled in early 1989 as part of Grand Central's restoration.

1946 - Kodak marketed KODAK EKTACHROME Transparency Sheet Film, the company's first color film that photographers could process themselves using newly marketed chemical kits.

1942 - KODACOLOR Film for prints, the world's first true color negative film, was announced. Kodak's Rochester plants were awarded the U.S. Army-Navy "E" for high achievement in the production of equipment and films for the war effort.

1939 - Kodak added a READY-MOUNT Service for 35 mm KODACHROME Film. This made it possible to project slides as soon as they were received from a Kodak processing laboratory.

1941 - Kodak marketed the versatile KODAK EKTRA Camera, with a shutter-speed range from 1/1000 to 1 second.

1935 - KODACHROME Film was introduced and became the first commercially successful amateur color film. It was initially offered in 16 mm format for motion pictures; 35 mm slides and 8 mm home movies followed in 1936.

1932 - George Eastman died, leaving his entire residual estate to the University of Rochester. In 1949, his Rochester home was opened as an independent public museum - The International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House.

1930 - Kodak purchased a gelatin manufacturing plant in Peabody, Massachusetts, and formed Eastman Gelatin Corporation.

1929 - 1878

1917 - Kodak developed aerial cameras and trained aerial photographers for the U.S. Signal Corps during World War I.

1913 - The introduction of EASTMAN Portrait Film began a transition to the use of sheet film instead of glass plates for professional photographers.

1903 - KODAK Non-Curling Film was introduced, which remained the standard for amateur photography for nearly 30 years.

1902 - The KODAK Developing Machine simplified the processing of roll film and made it possible to develop film without a darkroom. The KODAK Developing Machine made it possible for amateurs to process their own film without a darkroom.

1901 - Eastman Kodak Company of New Jersey, the present parent company, was formed. George Eastman became president of the New Jersey holding company. Henry A. Strong, Eastman's original partner, remained at the head of the New York company until his death in 1919.

1900 - The first of the famous BROWNIE Cameras was introduced. It sold for $1 and used film that sold for 15 cents a roll. For the first time, the hobby of photography was within the financial reach of virtually everyone.

1899 - The company developed the continuous wheel process for manufacturing transparent film base, which had previously been coated on long tables.

1898 - Kodak marketed the Folding Pocket KODAK Camera, now considered the ancestor of all modern roll-film cameras. It produced a 2 1/4-inch by 3 1/4-inch negative, which remained the standard size for decades.

  • The company's suggestion system began. It provided cash payments to employees for suggestions that improved the company's operations.

1895 - The Pocket KODAK Camera was announced. It used roll film and incorporated a small window through which positioning numbers for exposures could be read.

1893 - A six-story Camera Works was built on State Street, in Rochester, to manufacture the growing line of box and folding roll-film cameras.

1892 - The company became Eastman Kodak Company of New York.

1891 - The company marketed its first daylight-loading camera, which meant that the photographer could now reload the camera without using a darkroom.

  • The manufacture of photographic film and paper was transferred to four newly-constructed buildings at Kodak Park, in Rochester. Also, the company's first manufacturing plant outside the U.S. was opened in Harrow, England.

1889 - The first commercial transparent roll film, perfected by Eastman and his research chemist, was put on the market. The availability of this flexible film made possible the development of Thomas Edison's motion picture camera in 1891.

  • A new corporation - The Eastman Company - was formed, taking over the assets of the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company.

1886 - George Eastman became one of the first American industrialists to employ a full-time research scientist to aid in the commercialization of a flexible, transparent film base.

1885 - EASTMAN American Film was introduced - the first transparent photographic "film" as we know it today.

  • The company opened a wholesale office in London, England.

1884 - The business was changed from a partnership to a $200,000 corporation with 14 shareowners when the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company was formed.

  • EASTMAN Negative Paper was introduced.
  • Eastman and William H. Walker, an associate, invented a roll holder for negative papers.

1883 - The Eastman Dry Plate Company completed transfer of operations to a four-story building at what is now 343 State Street, Rochester, NY, the company's worldwide headquarters.

1881 - In January, Eastman and Henry A. Strong (a family friend and buggy-whip manufacturer) formed a partnership known as the Eastman Dry Plate Company.

  • In September, Eastman quit his job as a bank clerk to devote his full time to the business.

1880 - Eastman began commercial production of dry plates in a rented loft of a building in Rochester, N.Y.

1879 - Eastman invented an emulsion-coating machine which enabled him to mass-produce photographic dry plates.

1878 - George Eastman was one of the first to demonstrate the great convenience of gelatin dry plates over the cumbersome and messy wet plate photography prevalent in his day. Dry plates could be exposed and developed at the photographer's convenience; wet plates had to be coated, exposed at once, and developed while still wet.

1888 - The name "Kodak" was born and the KODAK camera was placed on the market, with the slogan, "You press the button - we do the rest." This was the birth of snapshot photography, as millions of amateur picture-takers know it today.