Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an analysis of the environmental impacts of a product throughout its entire life cycle, including:
- Raw material production
- Product use
- Packaging and distribution
- End of life disposition
Kodak uses LCA to improve the attributes of our products, to respond to customer questions, and to support marketing claims. Addressing these diverse demands requires both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Kodak employs a number of tools to help inform our product design decisions: including carbon footprint calculations, International Standards Organization (ISO) LCAs, and streamlined LCAs performed using globally recognized methods.
LCAs evaluate product life cycle impacts on the environment, including use of energy and other natural resources and the release of materials or emissions to the environment. An LCA is considered streamlined if it utilizes qualitative methods or focuses only on the key elements of an LCA. The carbon footprint, a measure of a product's total greenhouse gas emissions, is calculated as part of both ISO and streamlined LCAs and provides a quantitative measure to compare greenhouse gas emissions at different stages of a single product's life and between different products.